Beatitude - Scheduled Mailings


Beatitude - A Scheduled Mailer for Dada Mail

Obtaining The Plugin

Beatitude is located in the, dada/plugins directory of the Dada Mail distribution, under the name:


Beatitude is a plugin for Dada Mail that allows you to compose email messages to be scheduled for sending in the future.

Highly configurable, messages themselves can be in PlainText, HTML or multipart/alternative and have an unlimited number of attachments. The message itself can be composed in the plugin itself, fetched from a file or from a webpage.

The schedules themselves can be anywhere from one minute to years into the future and can be repeated infinitely. Schedules also have many safegaurds to help send only new content; for example: if a scheduled mailing is created to send the contents of a URL once a day, it will only send that URL if the contents are different from the previous day.



This plugin can be installed during a Dada Mail install/upgrade, using the included installer that comes with Dada Mail. The below installation instructions go through how to install the plugin manually.

If you do install this way, note that you still have set the cronjob, which is covered below.

Lightning Configuration/Installation Instructions

To get to the point:

Manual Installation

Configuring Plugin Side

Change permissions of "" to 755

The, plugin will be located in your, dada/plugins diretory. Change the script to, 755

Configure your .dada_config file

Now, edit your .dada_config file, so that it shows the plugin in the left-hand menu, under the, Plugins heading:

First, see if the following lines are present in your .dada_config file:

 # start cut for list control panel menu
 # end cut for list control panel menu

If they are, remove them.

Then, find these lines:

 #                                      {
 #                                      -Title      => 'Scheduled Mailings',
 #                                      -Title_URL  => $PLUGIN_URL."/",
 #                                      -Function   => 'scheduled_mailings',
 #                                      -Activated  => 1,
 #                                      },

Uncomment the lines, by taking off the, "#"'s:

                                        -Title      => 'Scheduled Mailings',
                                        -Title_URL  => $PLUGIN_URL."/",
                                        -Function   => 'scheduled_mailings',
                                        -Activated  => 1,

Save your .dada_config file.

Configuring the Cronjob to Automatically Run Beatitude

We're going to assume that you already know how to set up the actual cronjob, but we'll be explaining in depth on what the cronjob you need to set is.

Setting the cronjob

Generally, setting the cronjob to have Beatitude run automatically just means that you have to have a cronjob access a specific URL. The URL looks something like this:

Where, is the URL to your copy of

You'll see the specific URL used for your installation of Dada Mail in the web-based control panel for Beatitude, under the fieldset legend, Manually Run Beatitude. under the heading, Manual Run URL:

This will have Beatitude check any awaiting messages.

You may have to look through your hosting account's own FAQ, Knowledgebase and/or other docs to see exactly how you invoke a URL via a cronjob.

A Pretty Good Guess of what the entire cronjob should be set to is located in the web-based crontrol panel for Beatitude, under the fieldset legend, Manually Run Beatitude, under the heading, curl command example (for a cronjob):

From my testing, this should work for most Cpanel-based hosting accounts.

Here's the entire thing explained:

In all these examples, I'll be running the script every 5 minutes ( */5 * * * * ) - tailor to your taste.


If you DO NOT want to use this way of invoking the program to check awaiting messages and send them out, make sure to change the variable, $Plugin_Config-{Allow_Manual_Run}> to, 0:

 $Plugin_Config->{Allow_Manual_Run}    = 0;

at the top of the script. If this variable is not set to, 1 this method will not work.

Security Concerns and $Plugin_Config->{Manual_Run_Passcode}

Running the plugin like this is somewhat risky, as you're allowing an anonymous web browser to run the script in a way that was originally designed to only be run either after successfully logging into the list control panel, or, when invoking this script via the command line.

If you'd like, you can set up a simple Passcode, to have some semblence of security over who runs the program. Do this by setting the, $Plugin_Config-{Manual_Run_Passcode} variable in the source itself.

If you set the variable like so:

    $Plugin_Config->{Manual_Run_Passcode} = 'sneaky';

You'll then have to change the URL in these examples to:

Other options you may pass

You can control quite a few things by setting variables right in the query string:

  • passcode

    As mentioned above, the $Plugin_Config-{Manual_Run_Passcode} allows you to set some sort of security while running in this mode. Passing the actual password is done in the query string:
  • verbose

    By default, you'll receive the a report of how Beatitude is doing checking the schedules and if it does send out one.

    This is sometimes not so desired, especially in a cron environment, since all this informaiton will be emailed to you (or someone) everytime the script is run. You can run Beatitude with a cron that looks like this:

     */5 * * * * /usr/local/bin/curl -s --get --data run=1 --url >/dev/null 2>&1

    The, >/dev/null 2>&1 line throws away any values returned.

    Since all the information being returned from the program is done sort of indirectly, this also means that any problems actually running the program will also be thrown away.

    If you set verbose to, ``0'', under normal operation, Beatitude won't show any output, but if there's a server error, you'll receive an email about it. This is probably a good thing. Example:

     * * * * * /usr/local/bin/curl -s --get --data run=1\;verbose=0 --url
  • test

    Runs Beatitude in test mode by checking the messages awaiting and parsing them, but not actually carrying out any sending.

Notes on Setting the Cronjob for curl

You may want to check your version of curl and see if there's a speific way to pass a query string. For example, this:

 */5 * * * * /usr/local/bin/curl -s

Doesn't work for me.

I have to use the --get and --data flags, like this:

 */5 * * * * /usr/local/bin/curl -s --get --data run=1\;passcode=sneaky --url

my query string is this part:


And also note I had to escape the, ; character. You'll probably have to do the same for the & character.

Finally, I also had to pass the actual URL of the plugin using the --url flag.

Command Line Interface

There's a slew of optional arguments you can give to this script. To use Beatitude via the command line, first change into the directory that Beatitude resides in, and issue the command:

 ./ --help

Command Line Interface for Cronjobs:

One reason that the web-based way of running the cronjob is better, is that it doesn't involve reconfiguring the plugin, every time you upgrade. This makes the web-based invoking a bit more convenient.

#1 Change the lib path

You'll need to explicitly state where both the:

I'm going to rush through this, since if you want to run Beatitude this way you probably know the terminology, but:

This script will be running in a different environment and from a different location than what you'd run it as, when you visit it in a web-browser. It's annoying, but one of the things you have to do when running a command line script via a cronjob.

As an example: use lib qw() lines probably look like:

 use lib qw(

To this list, you'll want to append your site-wide Perl Libraries and the path to the Dada Mail libraries.

If you don't know where your site-wide Perl libraries are, try running this via the command line:

 perl -e 'print $_ ."\n" for @INC';

If you do not know how to run the above command, visit your Dada Mail in a web browser, log into your list and on the left hand menu and: click, About Dada Mail

Under Script Information, click the, +/- More Information link and under the, Perl Library Locations, select each point that begins with a, "/" and use those as your site-wide path to your perl libraries.

#2 Set the cron job

Cron Jobs are scheduled tasks. We're going to set a cron job to test for new messages every 5 minutes. Here's an example cron tab:

  */5  *  *  *  * /usr/bin/perl /home/myaccount/cgi-bin/dada/plugins/ >/dev/null 2>&1

Where, /home/myaccount/cgi-bin/dada/plugins/ is the full path to the script we just configured.

If all this lib path changin' isn't up your alley, try this instead:

make NO changes in the plugin regarding the perl lib paths, but change the cronjob to something like this:

*/5 * * * * cd /home/myaccount/cgi-bin/dada/plugins; /usr/bin/perl ./ >/dev/null 2>&1

This should setup so the plugin is run from the, plugins directory and the Dada Mail and Perl libraries can be found, automatically. A lot easier.

Running Beatitude via the command line

Since this program is also command line tool, you can execute it via a command line. Running Beatitude without any flags will have it check if any schedules should be run, and mail messages that need to be mailed.


I suggest before you do that, you test the script.


You can pass the --test argument to to make sure everything is workings as it should. The --test argument does not take any arguments. If everything is set up correctly, you'll get back a verbose message of the going's on of the script:

 prompt>./ --test
 Running Schedule For: mytestlist
 Current time is: June 26th 2003 - 5:25 pm
     No schedules to run.

In this example, Beatitude checked schedules to be run for the 'mytestlist' list, found none, and exited. If there is a schedule to run, the output my look like this:

 Running Schedule For: mytestlist
 Current time is: June 26th 2003 - 5:33 pm
     Examining Schedule: 'Justin's Test Schedule'
     'Justin's Test Schedule' is active -  
         Schedule last checked:     June 26th 2003 - 5:31 pm
         Next mailing should be on: June 26th 2003 - 5:33 pm
             'Justin's Test Schedule' scheduled to run now! 

Optional Fun Things

There's a slew of optional arguments you can give to this script:

  • --verbose prompt>./ --verbose

    passing the --verbose parameter is like giving this script some coffee. Similar to what you'd see if you ran the script using:

     prompt>./ --test
    But the scheduled mailings will actually get sent. 
  • --log

    If you pass a filename to the script it'll write a log entry that will look the same as what's outputted when you run with the --verbose flag.

    If you don't want to pass the log each time, you can set a log in the $Plugin_Config-{Log}> variable.

  • --version
     prompt>./ --version

    WIll print out both the version of Beatitude and also of Dada Mail. Good for debugging. Looks like this:

     Beatitude version: .1
     Dada Mail version: 2.8.8
  • --list ./ --list myslistshortname

    If you want to run schedules for only one list, you can pass the --list argument to with a listshortname as its value.

Misc. Options


Sometimes, the plugin has a hard time guessing what its own URL is. If this is happening, you can manually set the URL of the plugin in $Plugin_Config-{Plugin_URL}>


Allows you to invoke the plugin to check and send awaiting messages via a URL. See, "The Easy Way" cronjob setting up docs, above.


Allows you to set a passcode if you want to allow manually running the plugin. See, "The Easy Way" cronjob setting up docs, above.


Beatitude can be a bit difficult to set up, if you've never set up a similar script before. Here's a few things I do, to make sure a Beatitude install is working correctly:

First off, I install Beatitude, using the directions above.

Then, I'll make a test list, so if something goes wrong, no one will be affected. I won't add any subscribers, since it won't be necessary. Any test messages I send out will go to the list owner (me).

I'll then create a new schedule to send a message, every minute and repeat that schedule, indefinitely.

Then, I'll connect to the server via ssh, and run the command to run Beatitude, exactly as I would type the command in the crontab - except perhaps I'll put that --verbose flag on there, so I can see what's happening.

It takes a minute for the first message to be sent, and after that, every minute, if I run the command, I'll get a mailing. This will let me know that the schedules are firing correctly, and that I have the correct command to run Beatitude.

If that's working, I'll set the cronjob - and have it run every five minutes or so. I'll get some coffee.

I'll come back and if I have a few messages that I didn't send, I'll know the cronjob did its job.


  • I keep getting, 'permission denied' errors, what's wrong?

    It's very possible that Beatitude can't read your subscription database or the list settings database. This is because Dada Mail may be running under the webserver's username, usually, nobody, and not what Mystery Girl is running under, usually your account username.

    You'll need to do a few things:

    • Change the permissions of the list subscription and settings databases

      You'll most likely need to change the permissions of these files to, '777'. PlainText subscription databases have the format of listshortname.list and are usually located where you set the $FILES Config file variable. .List settings Databases have the format of mj-listshortname and are usually located in the same location.

    • Change the $FILE_CHMOD variable

      So you don't need to change the permissions of the list files for every new list you create, set the $FILE_CMOD Config variable to 0777: $FILE_CHMOD = 0777; Notice there are no quotes around 0777.

  • I found a bug in this program, what do I do?

    Report it to the bug tracker:

  • What's up with the name, Beatitude?

    Beatitude, in a historical context, refers to one of the eight sayings the Christian prophet, Jesus is believed to have said on the Sermon on the Mount. Each saying starts with, "Blessed are the..." - a similar saying over and over again, much like sending a similar message again and again

    It also means, "a state of supreme happiness".

    But to me, I think of Beatitude as almost a shorthand for, Beat Attitude; the Beat Generation being a group of writers whose inner circle included Jack Kerouac, Allen Ginsberg, William Bourroughs, Gregory Corso and many more.

    To Kerouac, "Beat" -- a shorthand term for "beatitude" and the idea that the downtrodden are saintly -- was not about politics but about spirituality and art. -Douglas Brinkley

    A modern Beatitude would be Ginsberg's Please Master, found in the book, Fall of America.

    The Beat Generation attempted to communicate the thoughts, ideas and adventures of their normal lives. I can only hope that communication with my Beatitude will be a tenth that incredible.

    My personal bookshelf is overflowing with books from the Beat Generation authors and one reason I moved to Boulder, CO, and then Denver, CO was because of the Denver adventures of Sal Paradise and Dean Moriarty in On The Road and to be close to the Jack Kerouac School of Disembodied Poets in Boulder, CO.


Copyright (c) 1999 - 2012 Justin Simoni All rights reserved.

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA.